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Greenacres: Resources for Re-Seeding
Minnesota Resources 

Minnesota Crop Improvement Association (MCIA)
1900 Hendon Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55108
Tel:  (612) 625-7766 or 1(800) 510-MCIA
Fax: (612) 625-3748

In 1995 MCIA established a certification program for forest reproductive materials. According to the certification manual, "this voluntary program is designed to ensure that the proper identity of forest reproductive material is maintained through all phases of production. The term 'forest reproductive material' refers to all forms of reproductive material used for forestry purposes, including seed, seedlings, cuttings, transplants, or other forms. In short, certification helps ensure that any particular set of reproductive material is, in fact, what it is labeled." 

An MCIA committee is currently drafting standards for native grasses and forbs. The committee anticipates a certification program for native grasses and forbs by 1997.

Biesboer, D. and R. Jacobson. Screening and Selection for Salt Tolerance in Native Warm Season Grasses. Minnesota Department of Transportation Report No. MN/RC 94-11.

Jacobson, R. Seeding Manual for Native Seed Mixes: Minnesota Department of Transportation 1994/1995.

Minnesota Department of Transportation
Turf Establishment Unit, Office of Environmental Services
3485 Hadley Avenue North
Oakdale, MN 44128

(Check with MN/DOT for availability of most current manual.)

The introduction to this manual states that, "as of May 1994, Minnesota Department of Transportation will be using 21 different seed mixtures on road construction projects. Nine of the mixtures consist of native grasses or forbs; eight consist primarily of non-native grasses and legumes, and three are temporary or interim cover crops. A number of non-native mixtures contain some native grasses as well as non-native grasses. While having a large number of mixtures is complicated, it allows the department to seed specialized mixes in specialized environments. For example, two of the mixes are salt tolerant, several consist of shorter species, some are lawn/boulevard mixes, and some are very low maintenance." 

In its discussion of the composition of native seed mixtures, the manual states that "there are two types of native seed mixtures: (1) tall grasses and forbs (wildflowers) and (2) short and mid-height grasses.... We ... require that seed source of origin be in Minnesota or nearby (i.e., eastern Dakotas, northern Iowa and western Wisconsin)." 

The manual includes a regional map that illustrates the geographic regions where the different native seed mixtures should be used in Minnesota.

Minnesota Department of Transportation. Explore Minnesota Wildflowers. Brochure produced by:

Minnesota Department of Transportation
Office of Environmental Services MS620
3485 Hadley Avenue North
Oakdale, MN 55128

This brochure explains why native plants are a "natural resource worth protecting," defines "native plant," briefly discusses the three different vegetation types in Minnesota, and informs the public what it can do to help protect native plants.

Minnesota Department of Transportation. Native Grasses: Why all the Fuss??? Pamphlet produced by Minnesota Department of Transportation Integrated Roadside Resource Management Program in cooperation with Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Roadsides For Wildlife Program, June 1992.

This 4-page brochure uses illustrations and text to educate the public about the benefits of using native grasses.

Minnesota Native Plant Society
University of Minnesota
220 Biological Sciences Center
St. Paul, MN 55108

Publications include Minnesota Plant Press, a quarterly newsletter. 
E-mail Editor: Thor Kommedahl

Minnesota Native Wildflower/Grass Producers Association. Consumer Directory of Minnesota Native Wildflower/Grass Producers.

Minnesota Native Wildflower/Grass Producers Association promotes the responsible use of high quality, regionally adapted native plants and seeds. This brochure lists ten nurseries. Brochure available from:

Minnesota Native Wildflower/Grass Producers Association
Rt 1, Box 41
Blue Earth, MN 56013

Ownbey, GB and T. Morley. Vascular Plants of Minnesota: A Checklist and Atlas. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 1991.

Tester, JR. Minnesota's Natural Heritage: An Ecological Perspective. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. 1995. 352 pp.

U.S. Department of Agriculture
Natural Resources Conservation Service
Bismarck Plant Materials Center
3308 University Drive
Bismarck, ND 58504
Tel:  (701) 223-8536
Fax: (701) 223-9024


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