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ENERGY TRENDS IN SELECTED MANUFACTURING SECTORS: Opportunities and Challenges for Environmentally Preferable Energy Outcomes

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Download Entire Report (PDF) (204 pp, 2MB, About PDF)

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The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) invites you to learn more about the energy trends of certain industrial manufacturing sectors, including the opportunities and challenges for improved energy efficiency and clean energy use within these sectors. It is important to note that this report is an analytical document and does not convey Agency decision. The report's findings and policy options are based on the available data used in this analysis. EPA's Sector Strategies Division commissioned this analysis to meet the following objectives:

For the purposes of this report "Environmentally Preferable Energy Outcomes" are achieved by reductions in energy-related air emissions through increased energy efficiency (which reduces fuel consumption and associated emissions) and/or transitioning to less emissions-intensive energy sources.

Assessing energy usage trends and associated air emission impacts, as well as the viability of specific energy efficiency and clean energy opportunities, the report envisions environmentally preferable outcomes. Identifying ways in which regulations and other barriers inhibit improved energy efficiency and clean energy investment, the report suggests policy options EPA could pursue to promote environmentally preferable energy outcomes.

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The report details energy consumption trends and related air emissions from the following sectors, which together represent 85% of the industrial energy use in the United States:

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Key Opportunities

For each sector, the report provides "base case" and "best case" energy scenarios and identifies opportunities for reduced energy-related emission in five areas:

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The report identifies and analyzes four main barriers to implementing the key opportunities, providing specific sector examples of where these barriers inhibit progress:

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Policy Options

The report suggests five policy options to promote discussion on ways to overcome identified regulatory barriers:

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Download Report

You can download individual sector chapters, or the full report below.

Entire Report (PDF) (204 pp, 2MB , About PDF)

Individual Sections
Table of Contents, List of Figures, List of Acronyms, Acknowledgements (PDF) (9 pp, 259K, About PDF)
Executive Summary (PDF) (9 pp, 268K, About PDF)
1. Introduction (PDF) (8 pp, 256K, About PDF)
2. Current Energy Consumption (PDF) (36 pp, 597K, About PDF)
3. Current Energy Consumption (PDF) (5 pp, 210K, About PDF)
3.1 Alumina and Aluminum (PDF) (10 pp, 292K, About PDF)
3.2 Cement (PDF) (11 pp, 300K, About PDF)
3.3 Chemical Manufacturing (PDF) (12 pp, 316K, About PDF)
3.4 Food Manufacturing (PDF) (10 pp, 288K, About PDF)
3.5 Forest Products (PDF) (16 pp, 356K, About PDF)
3.6 Iron and Steel (PDF) (142 pp, 342K, About PDF)
3.7 Metal Casting (PDF) (8 pp, 280K, About PDF)
3.8 Metal Finishing (PDF) (8 pp, 266K, About PDF)
3.9 Motor Vehicle Manufacturing (PDF) (8 pp, 267K, About PDF)
3.10 Motor Vehicle Parts Manufacturing (PDF) (7 pp, 270K, About PDF)
3.11 Petroleum Refining (PDF) (10 pp, 296K, About PDF)
3.12 Shipbuilding and Ship Repair (PDF) (7 pp, 254K, About PDF)
4. Barriers to Environmentally Preferable Energy Outcomes (PDF) (11 pp, 272K, About PDF)
5. Policy Options (PDF) (10 pp, 277K, About PDF)
Appendix A: Energy Projections (PDF) (9 pp, 277K, About PDF)
References (PDF) (21 pp, 394K, About PDF)

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