CAIR Reduces South Carolina’s Emissions
- By 2015, CAIR will help South Carolina sources reduce
emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) by 100,000 tons or 49 percent.
|SO2 Emissions (thousand tons)
|South Carolina SO2 emissions without CAIR
|South Carolina SO2 emissions with CAIR
- By 2015, CAIR will help South Carolina sources reduce emissions
of nitrogen oxides (NOx) by 41,000 tons or 53 percent.
|NOx Emissions (thousand tons)
|South Carolina NOx emissions without CAIR
|South Carolina NOx emissions with CAIR
CAIR Helps South Carolina and its Neighbors
- Because air emissions travel across state boundaries,
reducing the emissions from sources in South Carolina also will
reduce fine particle pollution and ground-level ozone pollution
in other areas of the country.
- Currently, South Carolina sources significantly contribute
to fine particle pollution in 3 other states including:
Georgia, Alabama & North Carolina
- Currently, South Carolina sources also significantly contribute
to ground-level ozone pollution in:
CAIR Makes South Carolina’s Air Cleaner
- CAIR helps South Carolina meet and maintain the National
Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone and
fine particle pollution.
- SO2 and NOx contribute to the formation of fine particles (PM),
and NOx contributes to the formation of ground-level ozone.
- Areas meeting the NAAQS are in attainment. Those areas not meeting
the standards are known as “nonattainment areas.”
Fine Particle Pollution
- At the end of 2004, no South Carolina counties were designated
nonattainment for EPA’s health-based standards for fine
particle pollution (PM).
- At the end of 2004, 6 South Carolina counties were designated nonattainment
for EPA’s health-based standards for 8-hour ozone pollution.
- Existing Clean Air Act Programs will bring all of these counties
into attainment by 2010.
1. York (P) County Charlotte-Gastonia-Rock Hill, NC-SC Area
2. Lexington (P) County Columbia, SC Area
3. Richland (P) County Columbia, SC Area
4. Anderson County Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Area
5. Greenville County Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Area
6. Spartanburg County Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Area
CAIR is Smart for South Carolina’s Economy
- CAIR helps maintain coal as a viable fuel/energy source.
- Regional electricity prices are not significantly impacted by CAIR,
and are projected to be below 2000 levels.
|Average Retail Electricity
Prices (AREP) in 1999 dollars
|South Carolina’s AREP without CAIR (mills/kWh*)
|South Carolina’s AREP with CAIR (mills/kWh*)
| *mill = 1/10 of a cent
1) Partial counties are identified by (P) following the county
2) Projections concerning future levels of air pollution in specific
geographic locations were estimated using the best scientific models
available. They are estimations, however, and should be characterized
as such in any description. Actual results may vary significantly
if any of the factors that influence air quality differ from the
assumed values used in the projections shown here.
3) Small emission increases can occur in a state under CAIR where
shifts in power generation occur, but overall improvements occur
throughout the CAIR region. The Final CAIR includes a compliance
supplement pool of NOx allowances (roughly 200,000 allowances)
for the annual program, which could lead to slightly higher annual
NOx emissions than are stated here.
4) The data presented here is based on recently completed, revised
Integrated Planning Modeling (IPM), reflecting CAIR as finalized. This recent data may
differ slightly from modeling results in the Final CAIR Federal
Register Notice and Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) which were based on modeling that was completed
before EPA had determined the final scope of CAIR. The primary
difference in the earlier modeling included AR, DE, and NJ in the
annual SO2/NOx requirements, and did not include an ozone season
cap on any states.
5) Emissions reductions take into account state and federal pollution
control programs in place when EPA last updated its models in mid-2004.
Reductions from more recent state programs or settlement actions
are not reflected in these tables.
6) Retail electricity prices are by North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) region.