|NOx Emissions (thousand tons)
|Connecticut NOx emissions without CAIR
|Connecticut NOx emissions with CAIR
CAIR Helps Connecticut and its Neighbors
- Because air emissions travel across state boundaries,
reducing the emissions from sources in Connecticut also will reduce
ground-level ozone pollution in other areas of the country.
- Currently, Connecticut sources significantly contribute
to ground-level ozone in:
Rhode Island & New York
- Connecticut’s fine particle air quality will improve
because of reductions of SO2 and NOx in:
New York, Ohio & Pennsylvania
- Connecticut’s ground-level ozone air quality will
improve because of reductions of NOx in:
Maryland and the District of Columbia, New Jersey, New
York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia & West Virginia
CAIR Makes Connecticut’s Air Cleaner
- CAIR helps Connecticut meet and maintain the National
Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone and
fine particle pollution.
- SO2 and NOx contribute to the formation of fine particles (PM),
and NOx contributes to the formation of ground-level ozone.
- Areas meeting the NAAQS are in attainment. Those areas not meeting
the standards are known as “nonattainment areas.”
Fine Particle Pollution
- At the end of 2004, two Connecticut counties were designated
nonattainment for EPA’s health-based standards for fine
- CAIR will help bring these counties into attainment for fine particles
1. Fairfield County New York-N. New Jersey- Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA
2. New Haven County New York-N. New Jersey- Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA
- At the end of 2004, eight Connecticut counties were designated
nonattainment for EPA’s health-based standards for ground-level
- Existing Clean Air Act Programs will bring five of these counties
into attainment by 2010.
1. Hartford County Greater CT, CT Area
2. Litchfield County Greater CT, CT Area
3. New London County Greater CT, CT Area
4. Tolland County Greater CT, CT Area
5. Windham County Greater CT, CT Area
- CAIR will further reduce ozone pollution in these counties:
1. Fairfield County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
2. Middlesex County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
3. New Haven County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT
CAIR is Smart for Connecticut’s Economy
- CAIR helps maintain coal as a viable fuel/energy source.
- Regional electricity prices are not significantly impacted by CAIR,
and are projected to be below 2000 levels.
|Average Retail Electricity
Prices (AREP) in 1999 dollars
|Connecticut’s AREP without CAIR (mills/kWh*)
|Connecticut’s AREP with CAIR (mills/kWh*)
| *mill = 1/10 of a cent
1) Partial counties are identified by (P) following the county
2) Projections concerning future levels of air pollution in specific
geographic locations were estimated using the best scientific models
available. They are estimations, however, and should be characterized
as such in any description. Actual results may vary significantly
if any of the factors that influence air quality differ from the
assumed values used in the projections shown here.
3) Small emission increases can occur in a state under CAIR where
shifts in power generation occur, but overall improvements occur
throughout the CAIR region. The Final CAIR includes a compliance
supplement pool of NOx allowances (roughly 200,000 allowances)
for the annual program, which could lead to slightly higher annual
NOx emissions than are stated here.
4) The data presented here is based on recently completed, revised Integrated Planning Modeling (IPM), reflecting CAIR as finalized. This recent data may
differ slightly from modeling results in the Final CAIR Federal
Register Notice and Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) which were based on modeling that was completed
before EPA had determined the final scope of CAIR. The primary
difference in the earlier modeling included AR, DE, and NJ in the
annual SO2/NOx requirements, and did not include an ozone season
cap on any states.
5) Emissions reductions take into account state and federal pollution
control programs in place when EPA last updated its models in mid-2004.
Reductions from more recent state programs or settlement actions
are not reflected in these tables.
6) Retail electricity prices are by North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) region.