UST Video Outline & Resources
Underground Storage Tank Management
I. What are the federal regulations pertaining to Underground Storage Tanks (USTs)?
40 C.F.R Part 280 - 40 C.F.R. 280
New regulations promulgated by the Energy Policy Act of 2005 - Energy Policy Act of 2005
State regulations can be accessed via the following links:
· FL Dept. of Environmental Protection
· GA Environmental Protection Division
· KY Dept for Environmental Protection
· MS Dept of Environmental Quality
· NC Dept of Environment and Natural Resources
· SC Dept of Health and Environmental Control
· TN Dept of Environment and Conservation
II. What type of UST system do you have?
III. What are you required to do?
Please note: All regulated USTs must be registered with the implementing agency.
Release Detection is required for both tanks and piping:
a) Tanks- Monthly monitoring is required by using any of the following methods:
· Automatic Tank Gauge (ATG) (ATG diagram, Automatic Tank Gauging Systems for Release Detection, & Getting the Most Out of Your ATG System)
· Vapor monitoring
· Inventory Control and tank tightness testing
b) Piping- Product piping must be monitored for releases by:
For Pressurized Systems:
- Annual test, continuous monitoring
- All pressurized product must be equipped with an Automatic or Electronic Line Leak Detector.
For Suction Systems:
- Three (3) year test for suction system if the system is a “safe system” constructed system.
IV. Release Prevention & Reporting
Since December of 1998 (see Don't Wait Until 1998 ), all UST systems must have the following:
· Spill Containment - spill catchment basins or “spill buckets” (see Inspecting and Maintaining Sumps and Spill Buckets).
· Corrosion Protection (only for steel tanks and lines) - Can be of the following types:
If you have an actual or suspected product release, it should be immediately reported to your regulatory authority (county, state, or federal). For more information, please see page 22 of Musts for USTs.
V. Record Keeping
Documentation must be on-site or readily accessible for the following:
· UST Registration
12 months of monthly monitoring records for either: ATG, SIR, Inventory Control, Ground Water monitoring, Vapor Monitoring or Interstitial Monitoring for double walled tanks (see SIR example)
Annual line tightness tests
3 yr test for suction piping
· Corrosion Protection:
3 yr test of CP system (see Corrosion Protection triennial test example).
- Note: these tests & forms may be state-specific
60 day inspection of impressed current system (60 day Impressed Current log form)
· Closure records
Owner/Operator must retain closure records for three years after permanent closure.
VII. Additional Resources
More detailed information on the operation and maintenance of USTs can be found at the following sites:
Policy Guidance Pertaining to Underground Storage Tanks
Standard Test Procedures for Evaluating Various Leak Detection Methods
Energy Policy Act of 2005
Underground Storage Tank Provisions Of The Energy Policy Act Of 2005
Expedited Site Assessment Tools for Underground Storage Tank Sites: A Guide for Regulators
How to Effectively Recover Free Product at Leaking Underground Storage Tank Sites: A Guide for State Regulators
How to Evaluate Alternative Cleanup Technologies for Underground Storage Tank Sites: A Guide for Corrective Action Plan Reviewers
Revitalization and Reuse
Brownfields are defined as those properties that contain, or potentially contain, a hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant that hinders the property’s reuse. The U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) awards Brownfields grants to local governments, states, tribes, and non-profit organizations to assess and clean up brownfields, including old abandoned gas stations and other facilities impacted by petroleum contamination. For more information on this subject, see “EPA Brownfields Grants For Old Abandoned Gas Stations And Other Petroleum Brownfields.”
Additional information relating specifically to abandoned gas stations may be found it the “Reuse of Abandoned Gas Station Sites” information sheet.
The UST Program is implemented by the U.S. EPA in Indian Country.
EPA Indian Policies
Laws & Regulations that may apply to tribal government operations
American Indian Tribal Portal
ITCA: Tribal UST Inspector Certification Program
Additional information about USTs can be found at the Office of Underground Storage Tank website:
Further resource documents, including those pertaining to reporting requirements and cleanup of released product, can be found here.
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