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Native Plants Factsheet
Plant Lists

Plant Lists
If you are landscaping in the Midwest, you may want to consider plants from the following lists. These lists include some of the species that are commonly available in nurseries and are relatively easy to grow. They are directed towards individuals doing a modest first planting. For large projects, which can accommodate a wide variety of species, you may want to consider consulting a professional with expertise in natural landscaping. 

The herbaceous plant lists are divided into plants which thrive in full sun, partial sun and shade. A general rule is that prairie species need full sun; savanna species will grow in partial shade (and many will grow as well, or better, in full sun); and woodland species will grow in shade. It is very important to check catalogs and nursery information before you buy, because plants also vary in their need for moisture.  



Big Bluestem
Little Bluestem
Sideoats Grama
Switch Grass
Indian Grass
Prairie Dropseed
Prairie Cord Grass
Porcupine Grass
Andropogon gerardii 
Andropogon scoparius 
Bouteloua curtipendula 
Panicum virgatum 
Sorghastrum nutans 
Sporobolus heterolepis 
Spartina pectinata 
Stipa spartea 
Forbs (flowers):

Lead Plant
Pasque Flower
Heath Aster
Silky Aster 
Cream Wild Indigo
Sand Coreopsis
Prairie Coreopsis
Pale Purple Coneflower
Rattlesnake Master
Prairie Smoke
Western (or Naked) Sunflower
False Boneset
Round Headed Bush Clover
Rough Blazing Star
Cylindrical Blazing Star
Pale Spiked Lobelia
Wild Quinine
Prairie Cinquefoil
Gray Goldenrod
Riddell's Goldenrod
Golden Alexanders
Amorpha canescens 
Anemone patens 
Aster ericoides 
Aster sericeus 
Baptisia leucophaea 
Coreopsis lanceolata 
Coreopsis palmata 
Echinacea pallida 
Eryngium yuccifolium 
Geum triflorum 
Helianthus occidentalis 
Kuhnia eupatorioides 
Lespedeza capitata 
Liatris aspera 
Liatris cylindracea 
Lobelia spicata 
Parthenium integrifolium 
Potentilla arguta 
Solidago nemoralis 
Solidago reddellii 
Zizia aurea 



Nodding Wild Onion
Prairie Thimbleweed
Butterfly Weed 
Smooth Blue Aster
Sky Blue Aster
New England Aster
White Wild Indigo
Showy Tick Trefoil 
Shooting Star
Purple Coneflower
Wild Bergamot (Beebalm)
Foxglove Beard Tongue
Obedient Plant
Black-Eyed Susan
Ohio Goldenrod 
Heart-Leaved Meadow Parsnip 
Allium cernuum 
Anemone cylindrica 
Asclepias tuberosa 
Aster azureaus 
Aster laevis 
Aster novae-angliae 
Baptisia leucantha 
Desmodium canadense 
Dodecatheon meadia 
Echinacea purpurea 
Monarda fistulosa 
Penstamon digitalis 
Physostegia virginiana 
Rudbeckia hirta 
Solidago ohiensis 
Tradescantia ohioensis 
Zizia aptera 

Common Wood Reed
Canada Wild Rye
Virginia Wild Rye
Fowl Meadow (Manna) Grass
Bottlebrush Grass
Cinna arundinacea 
Elymus canadensis 
Elymus virginicus 
Glyceria striata 
Hystrix patula 



Wild Columbine
Wild Ginger
Dutchman's Breeches
Yellow Trout Lily
Wild Geranium
Virginia Waterleaf
Virginia Bluebells
Solomon's Seal
Aquilegia canadensis 
Arisaema triphyllum 
Asarum canadense 
Dicentra cucullaria 
Erythroniuim americanum 
Geranium maculatum 
Hydrophyllum virginianum 
Mertensia virginica 
Podophyllum peltatum 
Polygonatum canaliculatum 
Sanguinaria canadensis 
Trillium spp. 
Oak Savanna:

Big Bluestem Grass
Little Bluestem Grass
Shagbark Hickory
New Jersey Tea
American Hazelnut
Purple Love Grass
June Grass
Rough Blazing Star
White Oak 
Bur Oak
Black Oak 
Indian Grass
Andropogon gerardii 
Andropogon scoparius 
Carya ovata 
Ceanothus americanus 
Corylus americana 
Eragrostis spectabilis 
Koehleria cristata 
Liatris aspera 
Quercus alba 
Quercus macrocarpa 
Quercus velutina 
Sorghastrum nutans 



Swamp Milkweed
Blue Joint Grass 
Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Common Boneset
Rice Cut Grass
Common Water Horehound
Dark Green Rush
Great Bulrush 
Prairie Cordgrass
Common Cattail
Asclepias incarnata 
Calamagrostis canadensis 
Carex sp. 
Eupatorium maculatum 
Eupatorium perfoliatum 
Leersia oryzoides 
Lycopus americanus 
Scirpus atrovirens 
Scirpus validus 
Spartina pectinata 
Typha latifolia 
Lake and Pond:

Common Rush
Rice Cut Grass 
Small Duckweed
Pickerel Weed
Common Arrowhead
Ceratophyllum demersum 
Juncus effusus 
Leersia oryzoides 
Lemna minor 
Pontederia cordata 
Sagittaria latifolia 

More Information 
State Resources Fact Sheet on native plants.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 
Green Landscaping with Native Plants
1-800-621-8431 (for IL, IN, MI, MN, OH, WI). 

Northeastern Illinois Planning Commission (NIPC) 
Under a U.S. EPA grant, NIPC developed a natural landscaping tool kit for local officials which includes Natural Landscaping for Public Officials: A Source Book, 1997, a poster illustrating the benefits of natural landscaping and an annotated slide show. Call NIPC at (312) 454-0400, or U.S. EPA at 800-621-8431 to receive a copy of the tool kit. The Source Book is available on U.S. EPA's Internet site.  

National Wildlife Federation Exit disclaimer
The Backyard Wildlife Habitat Program run by the NWF is an excellent source of information at:

National Wildlife Federation
Backyard Wildlife Habitat Questions
11100 Wildlife Center Drive
Reston, VA 20190-5362.
(703) 438-6100 

Wild Ones Exit disclaimer
A non-profit organization encouraging natural yards in harmony with nature. Contact them at:

Wild Ones - - Natural Landscapers, Ltd.
P.O. Box 1274
Appleton, Wisconsin  54912-1274
Tel:  (877) 394-9453

Prairie Nursery Exit disclaimer
Helpful information on planting with native plants is available at:

Prairie Nursery Inc.
P.O. Box 306
Westfield, WI 53964
1-800-476-9453 (1-800-GRO WILD)



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