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Cascade View Fruit and Cold Storage, to Pay EPA over $81,000 for Risk Management Violations

Release Date: 07/29/2008
Contact Information: Javier Morales, EPA RMP Coordinator, (206) 553-1255, or Tony Brown, EPA Public Affairs, (206) 553-1203,

(Yakima, Wash. – July 29, 2008) The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced today that Cascade View Fruit & Cold Storage, LLC (Cascade View) has agreed to pay $81,193 for alleged federal Clean Air Act (CAA) 112(r) Risk Management Program (RMP) violations. The alleged violation occurred when Cascade Views’ cold storage warehouse located at 1100 East Pomona in Yakima, Washington exceeded the RMP threshold quantity of anhydrous ammonia in November of 2004. The violations have since been corrected.

On July 10, 2007, EPA sent Cascade View a request for information as authorized under Section 114 of the CAA. Cascade Views’ response indicated that their current level in November of 2004 was over 23,000 lbs, which required Cascade View to implement a RMP and submit a Risk Management Plan. EPA found that the facility lacked a prevention program to protect the public and the environment from an off-site release of anhydrous ammonia.

"The RMP is designed to protect public health and the environment from accidental releases of harmful chemicals,” said Javier Morales, EPA’s RMP Coordinator in Seattle. “Cascade View’s failure to have a RMP could place workers at their cold storage facility as well as the surrounding community at risk.”

Specific items required by the Risk Management Program include:

  • development of an emergency response or action plan;
  • hazard evaluation of a “worst case and more probable case” chemical release;
  • operator training;
  • review of the hazards associated with using toxic or flammable substances; and
  • operating procedures and equipment maintenance.

Cascade Views’ fruit packing facility uses anhydrous ammonia for refrigeration purposes.

Section 112(r) requires all public and private facilities that manufacture, process, use, store, or otherwise handle greater than a threshold amount of a regulated substance(s) to develop Risk Management Programs and submit Risk Management Plans. Toxic chemicals, such as ammonia and chlorine, are covered by the program.

Anhydrous ammonia is one of the most dangerous chemicals used in refrigeration and agriculture today. It is used and stored under high pressure, which requires specially designed and well-maintained equipment. Those who work with anhydrous ammonia must be trained to follow exact handling procedures. The primary causes of uncontrolled releases are improper handling procedures, careless or untrained workers, or faulty equipment.

To learn more about EPA’s work to protect communities from toxic chemicals through the Risk Management Program go to:

For more about toxic effects of Anhydrous Ammonia (NIOSH GUIDE):