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News Releases from Region 04

Treatment Begins at CTS of Asheville Superfund Site

Contact Information: 
Davina Marraccini (
404-562-8293, 404-562-8400

ATLANTA (June 8, 2018) – Treatment is underway to clean up contaminants in the groundwater and soil at the CTS of Asheville, Inc. Superfund Site (Site). Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) is being used to treat a 1.2-acre area beneath the former CTS plant. The system will operate through the fall of 2018 designed to extract 95 percent of the trichloroethene (TCE) in the treatment area, removing an estimated 20,000 pounds of pollutants.

“I am pleased to announce the start of this aggressive treatment to clean up a portion of the CTS Site,” said EPA Region 4 Administrator Trey Glenn. “The treatment will remove contaminants, helping to protect people’s health and the environment in the surrounding area.”

“Cleaning up these sites requires hard work to both identify contamination and then determine how to improve it,” said North Carolina Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Secretary Michael S. Regan. “I am proud of DEQ’s hard work and partnership with EPA Region 4 to do this critical work well as a part of our mission to protect all North Carolinians and be good stewards of our environment.”

Historical use of solvents in the manufacturing of electronic components contaminated the CTS Site with TCE. The area being treated also contains non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) from weathered fuel oil. ERH is a technology that heats the ground to extract and treat these types of hazardous substances. Electricity runs through electrodes, heating the soil and groundwater to vaporize contaminants. The vapors are removed through extraction wells and treated before being discharged to the ambient air, which will be monitored.

System startup and testing began on May 29, 2018, and reached full operating power today. Underground temperature will be raised gradually to vaporize the TCE. Emissions from the stack are being monitored together with continuous, real-time air monitoring at four locations around the perimeter closest to neighboring residences. If TCE is detected above Western North Carolina’s regulatory limit of 59 micrograms per cubic meter (ug/m3), actions will be taken to meet the standards. There may be a visible steam-like discharge from the stack. This is water condensation caused by weather conditions, not a release of TCE vapor.

The ERH treatment at the CTS Site is required under a March 7, 2017 settlement between EPA and the U.S. Department of Justice with CTS Corporation, Mills Gap Road Associates and Northrop Grumman Systems Corporation for an interim cleanup. The settlement also requires In-Situ Chemical Oxidation (ISCO) to treat TCE in an approximately 1.9-acre area to the north of the area being treated by ERH. The companies will spend an estimated $9 million total on the interim cleanup. A final site-wide cleanup will be selected in the future to address any contamination remaining after the ERH and ISCO technologies have had a chance to work over several years.

Under Administrator Pruitt’s leadership, the Superfund program has reemerged as a top priority to advance the Agency’s core mission of protecting human health and the environment.

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Superfund Task Force. In May 2017 Administrator Scott Pruitt established a task force to restore EPA's Superfund program to its rightful place at the center of the Agency's core mission to protect health and the environment. Click here to learn more.