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1994 Midwest Oak Savanna Conferences


DRAFT - September 1994



Compiled by Stan Temple


(Status in each state follows Natural Heritage Inventory rankings established by The Nature Conservancy)

Cicindela formosa A tiger beetle S? S5 S5 S5 S5 S? S5 S4
Cicindela limbata A tiger beetle         S4      
Cicindela patruela A tiger beetle     S3 S3 S3   S3 S?
Cicindela patruela patruela A tiger beetle               S3
Cicindela scutellaris A tiger beetle S? S5 S5 S5 S5 S? S5 S4
Amblyscirtes vialis Roadside skipper S2 S4 SU S4 S4 S4 S4 S3
Anisota stigma Spiny oakworm       S?        
Anthocharis midea Falcate orange tip   S4 S4     S5 S4 SA
Atrytone logan Delaware skipper S? S4 S4 S5 S4 S5 S4 S4
Atrytonopsis hianna Dusted skipper S2 S3 S2 S2 S2 S2 S1 S2
Catocala amestris Three-staff underwing   S?   S1       S?
Catocala dulciola Quiet underwing       S1        
Catocala gracilis Graceful underwing       S?     S1  
Catocala marmorata Marbled underwing moth     SH   S?      
Catocala similis An underwing moth       S?       S?
Chlosyne gorgone Gorgone checkerspot S4 S4 S? SU SU S5   S?
Chlosyne gorgone carlota Carlota checkerspot     SA S2       S3
Colias interior Pink-edged sulphur       S4 S4     S4
Eacles imperialis pini The imperial moth       S2        
Epiglaea apiata Pointed sallow       S?     S1 S?
Erynnis baptisiae Wild indigo dusky wing S2 S4 S4 S2 SU S4 SU S1
Erynnis horatius Horace's dusky wing S3 S4 S4 S4 S4 S5 S4 SA
Erynnis juvenalis Juvenal's dusky wing S4 S5 S5 S5 S5 S5 S5 S5
Erynnis martialis Mottled dusky wing S3 S1 S2 SU SU S4 S1 S1
Erynnis persius Persius dusky wing S? S? S? S?   S? S1 S?
Erynnis persius persius Persius dusky wing SR SR S1 S3 S1 S?   S2
Euchloe olympia Olympia marble S2 S2 S2 S4 S4 S4   S4
Euxoa aurulenta Dune cutworm       S2        
Fixsenia favonius Southern hairstreak   S?            
Fixenia favonius ontario Northern hairstreak   S1 SU S1   S4 SR  
Glaucopsyche lygdamus Silvery blue S1 S? S? S?   S?   S?
Glaucopsyche lygdamus couperi Couper's blue   S1 S2 S4 S4     S4
Glaucopsyche lygdamus lygdamus Silvery blue           S3 S1  
Hemaris gracilis Graceful clearwing       S?       S?
Hemileuca maia A buckmoth   S1   S2       S1
Hemileuca sp. Midwestern fen buckmoth     S1 S?       SU
Hesperia attalus Dotted skipper S? S?       S?    
Hesperia attalus attalus Dotted skipper SR         SU    
Hesperia comma Common branded skipper SR     S?       S2
Hesperia comma assiniboia Assiniboia skipper         S1      
Hesperia leonardus Leonard's skipper S2 SU S4 S4 S4 S4 S4 S4
Hesperia leonardus leonardus Leonard's skipper               S2
Hesperia leonardus pawnee Pawnee skipper S1       S4     S1
Hesperia metea Cobweb skipper SR S3 S2 S4   S3 S2 S2
Hesperia sassacus Indian skipper SR S2 S2 S4 S4   SU S4
Incisalia augustinus Brown elfin   S?   S5 S4   S1 S4
Incisalia henrici Henry's elfin S3 S4 S2 S2 S1 S4 SU S1
Incisalia irus Frosted elfin   SH S2 S2   SR S1 S1
Incisalia niphon Eastern pine elfin SR SR S1 S4 S4 S4 SR S?
Incisalia polia Hoary elfin   S1 S2 S3 S3     S3
Lithophane oriunda A noctuid moth               S?
Lithophane semiustra A noctuid moth       S?     S1 S?
Lithophane thaxteri Thaxter's pinion moth       S?       S?
Lycaeides idas nabokovi Nabokov's blue       S2 S1     S1
Lycaeides melissa Melissa blue S2 S?     SU      
Lycaeides melissa samuelis Karner blue S? S1 S1 S2 S2   SX SU
Melanchra assimilis Similar black noctuid             S1 S?
Metarranthis apiciaria Barrens metarranthis moth     SH          
Nymphalis vaualbum Compton tortoise shell SN SA SN S5 S5 SA SA S5
Oncocnemis piffardi Three-striped oncocnemis       S2        
Pachypolia atricornis Three-horned moth       S2        
Papaipema cerina Golden borer       S1       S?
Papilio polyxenes Black swallowtail S5 S? S? S?   S?   S?
Phyciodes tharos Pearl crescent S5 S5 S5 S5 S4 S5 S5 S5
Polites coras Peck's skipper S5 S5 S5 S5 S5 S5 S5 S5
Pontia protodice Checkered white S4 S4 S4 S1 SN S4 S4 SN
Psaphida thaxteriana A noctuid moth               S?
Pygarctia spraguei Sprague's pygarctic       S2       S?
Satyrium calanus Banded hairstreak S3 S? S? S?   S?   S?
Satyrium edwardsii Edward's hairstreak S2 S1 S3 S4 S2 S2 S1 S4
Satyrium liparops Striped hairstreak S3 S? S? S?   S?   S?
Satyrium liparops strigosum Striped hairstreak   SU S4 S5 S4 SU S4 S4
Satyrium titus Coral hairstreak S4 S5 S5 S5 S4 S5 S4 S4
Schinia lucens Leadplant flower moth     SU S1       S?
Schizura apicalis A moth   S1           S?
Speyeria atlantis Atlantis fritillary SR SH S1 S5 S5   S? S5
Speyeria idalia Regal fritillary S3 S1 S1 SH SU S3 SH S1
Thorybes bathyllus Southern cloudy wing S4 S4 S4 S4 SU S5 S4 S4
Thorybes pylades Northern cloudy wing S4 S5 S5 S5 S5 S5 S5 S5
Ufeus plicatus Folded satyr       S?     S1 S?
Xylotype capax Barrens xylotype       S?       S?
Zale obliqua A noctuid moth       S?       S?
Zale squamularis A noctuid moth       S?        
Lomamyia flavicornis A beaded lacewing     S2          
Orphulella pelidna pelidna Barrens locust       S1        
Psinidia fenestralis Sand locust             S1  
Ambystoma annulatum Ringed salamander           S3    
Ambystoma maculatum Spotted salamander   S4 S4 S5     S? S4
Ambystoma opacum Marbled salamander   S4 S4 S1   S? S? SR
Ambystoma talpoideum Mole salamander   S3       S1    
Ambystoma tigrinum Tiger salamander S5 S? S4 S5 S? S? S3 S4
Eurycea multiplicata Many-ribbed salamander           S2    
Eurycea tynerensis Oklahoma salamander           S2    
Plethodon dorsalis Zigzag salamander   S? S4     S3 S?  
Bufo americanus American toad S5 S? S4 S5 S? S? S? S5
Bufo boreas Western toad       S?        
Bufo woodhousii Woodhouse's toad S? S? S4 S5   S? S?  
Acris crepitans Northern cricket frog S? S? S4 S? S3 S? S? S?
Acris crepitans blanchardi Blanchard's cricket frog   S5 S4 S3       S1
Hyla chrysoscelis Cope's gray treefrog S? S4 S4 S5 S? S? S? S5
Hyla versicolor Gray treefrog S? S4 S4 S5 S? S? S? S5
Pseudacris crucifer Spring peeper S3 S? S4 S5 S? S? S? S5
Pseudacris streckeri illinoensis Illinois chorus frog   S2       S2    
Pseudacris triseriata Western chorus frog S? S? S3 S5 S?   S? S?
Gastrophryne carolinensis Eastern narrowmouth toad   S2       S?    
Gastrophryne olivacea Great Plains narrowmouth toad           S?    
Scaphiopus holbrookii Eastern spadefoot   S? S4     S2 S1  
Rana areolata Crawfish frog S1 S? S2     S?    
Rana blairi Plains leopard frog S? S4 S2     S?    
Rana catesbeiana Bullfrog S5 S5 S4 S5 S3 S? S? S3
Rana clamitans Green frog S4 S? S4 S5 S? S? S? S5
Rana pipiens Northern leopard frog S? S5 S2 S5 S? S3 S? S4
Ophisaurus attenuatus Slender glass lizard S1 S4 S2     S?   S2
Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus Western slender glass lizard   S? S2          
Carphophis amoenus Worm snake S2 S? S4     S? S? S1
Clonophis kirtlandii Kirtland's snake   S2 S2 S1     S2 SR
Coluber constrictor Racer S5 S? S4 S5 S3 S? S? S4
Diadophis punctatus Ringneck snake S5 S? S4 S5 S? S? S? S?
Elaphe guttata Corn snake   S2     S?      
Elaphe guttata emoryi Great Plains rat snake   S2            
Elaphe obsoleta Rat snake S4 S? S4 S? S3 S? S? S2
Elaphe vulpina Fox snake S4 S? S4 S5 S3 S? S3 S4
Elaphe vulpina gloydi Eastern fox snake       S2     S3  
Elaphe vulpina vulpina Western fox snake   S5 S4     S1   S?
Heterodon platirhinos Eastern hognose snake S3 S5 S3 S5 S3 S? S3 S4
Lampropeltis calligaster Prairie kingsnake S3 S? S4     S?    
Lampropeltis getula Common kingsnake S1 S? S4     S? S2  
Lampropeltis triangulum Milk snake S4 S? S4 S5 S3 S? S? S4
Lampropeltis triangulum syspila Red milk snake   S4 S4          
Lampropeltis triangulum triangulum Eastern milk snake   S4 S4          
Masticophis flagellum Coachwhip   S2       S?    
Nerodia erythrogaster Plainbelly water snake S1 S? S2 S?   S? S1  
Nerodia erythrogaster neglecta Copperbelly water snake   S2 S2 S1   S1    
Nerodia rhombifer Diamondback water snake S2 S? S4     S?    
Nerodia sipedon Northern water snake S5 S? S4 S5 S? S?   S5
Pituophis melanoleucus Pine or gopher snake S4 S? S4   S3 S?   S3
Regina grahamii Graham's crayfish snake S4 S5 SA     S?    
Tantilla gracilis Flathead snake   S2       S?    
Thamnophis proximus Western ribbon snake S5 S? S3     S?   S1
Tropidoclonion lineatum Lined snake S4 S1 SA   S3 S?    
Virginia striatula Rough earth snake           S?    
Virginia valeriae Smooth earth snake S2 S? S4     S? S2  
Terrapene ornata Western box turtle S2 S4 S2     S?   S2
Eumeces fasciatus Five-lined skink S3 S5 S4 S4 S1 S? S? S4
Eumeces septentrionalis Prairie skink S3       S?     S4
Cnemidophorus sexlineatus Six-lined racerunner S3 S? S4   SU S?   S4
Crotalus horridus Timber rattlesnake S4 S3 S2   S3 S5 S2 SU
Elanoides forficatus American swallow-tailed kite SX SA SA S? SX SH SX SX
Ictinia mississippiensis Mississippi kite   S2 SA S?   S2   SA
Caprimulgus vociferus Whip-poor-will S5 S5 S4 S5 S? S? S? S4
Ectopistes migratorius Passenger pigeon SX SX SX SX SX SX SX SX
Coccyzus americanus Yellow-billed cuckoo S4 S4 S4 S5 S? S? S? S3
Coccyzus erythropthalmus Black-billed cuckoo S4 S4 S4 S5 S? S? S? S4
Chondestes grammacus Lark sparrow S? S5 S3 SH S? S? S1 S2
Dendroica cerulea Cerulean warbler S? S3 S3 S4 S? S? S? S2
Dendroica discolor Prairie warbler SU S5 S4 S4   S? S? SZ
Guiraca caerulea Blue grosbeck S4 S5 S3 S? SU S? SA SA
Icterus galbula Northern oriole S5 S5 S4 S5 S? S? S? S5
Icterus spurius Orchard oriole S5 S5 S4 S4 S? S? S? S3
Passerina amoena Lazuli bunting SA SA SA         SA
Passerina ciris Painted bunting SA SA SA         SA
Passerina cyanea Indigo bunting S5 S5 S4 S5 S? S? S? S4
Pheucticus melanocephalus Black-headed grosbeak   SA SA SA   SA   SA
Piranga olivacea Scarlet tanager S4 S5 S4 S5 S? S? S? S4
Pooecetes gramineus Vesper sparrow S5 S5 S4 S5 S? S? S? S4
Spiza americana Dickcissel S5 S5 S4 S1 S? S? S3 S3
Spizella pallida Clay-colored sparrow S? S1 SA S4 S? S? SA S4
Spizella pusilla Field sparrow S5 S5 S4 S5 S? S? S? S4
Sturnella neglecta Western meadowlark S5 S5 S2 S4 S? S? S2 S3
Vermivora celata Orange-crowned warbler S? SZ SN SN S? S? S? SZ
Grus americana Whooping crane SX SX SX   SX     SX
Grus canadensis Sandhill crane SA S1 S1 S4 S3 S? SX S4
Lanius ludovicianus Loggerhead shrike S3 S3 S1 S? S2 S? S2 S1
Mimus polyglottos Northern mockingbird S4 S5 S4 S4 SU S? S? SA
Polioptila caerulea Blue-gray gnatcatcher S4 S5 S4 S5 S? S? S? S4
Sialia sialis Eastern bluebird S4 S5 S4 S4 S? S? S? S4
Colinus virginianus Northern bobwhite S5 S5 S4 S4 SU S5 S? S3
Tympanuchus phasianellus Sharp-tailed grouse SX SX   S4 S?     S2
Melanerpes erythrocephalus Red-headed woodpecker S5 S5 S4 S4 S? S? S? S4
Bartramia longicauda Upland sandpiper S3 S3 S1 S4 S3 S2 S2 S2
Asio flammeus Short-eared owl S1 S1 S2 S1 S3 S1 S1 S1
Speotyto cunicularia Burrowing owl S1 SA SA SA S1 S?   SA
Thryothorus ludovicianus Carolina wren S? S5 S4 S4 S? S? S? S1
Tyrannus verticalis Western kingbird S5 S2 SA SA S? S? S? S1
Tyto alba Barn owl S1 S1 S2 S1 S? S2 S2 S1
Vireo flavifrons Yellow-throated vireo S4 S4 S4 S5 S? S? S? S4
Vireo gilvus Warbling vireo S5 S5 S4 S5 S? S? S? S4
Bison bison Bison SX SX SX SX SX SX SX SX
Canis lupus Gray wolf SX SX SX S1 S2 SX SX S1
Urocyon cinereoargenteus Gray fox S4 S5 S4 S4 S? S? S? S4
Cervus elaphus Wapiti or elk SX SX   S3 SX SX SX SX
Napaeozapus insignis Woodland jumping mouse     S5 S?     S2 S4
Geomys bursarius Plains pocket gopher S5 S3 S2   S? S?   S4
Lepus townsendii White-tailed jack rabbit S4 SX     S? SX   S1
Microtus ochrogaster Prairie vole S? S5 S4 S2 S3 S? S? S4
Mustela nivalis Least weasel S3 S3 S2 S5 S? S4 S? S4
Spilogale putorius Eastern spotted skunk S2 SR SX   S3 S1   S4
Taxidea taxus Badger S4 S4 S2 S4 S? S? S2 S4
Spermophilus franklinii Franklin's ground squirrel S? S4 S2 S? S? S4   SU

1SX = apparently extirpated, S1 = critically endangered (<5 occurrences), S2 = threatened (6-20 occurrences), S3 = rare or uncommon (21-100 occurrences), S4 = many (>100 occurrences), S5 = secure, SH = recorded historically, possibly still extant, SN = nonbreeding, usually migratory, SU = possibly in peril but status uncertain, SR = reported without persuasive documentation, S? = status uncertain, SZ = occasional migrant.


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